예약금없는출장샵
  • 대구수암 마사지
  • 평택출장샵
  • 카지노사이트
  • 포항호치민 1군 마사지
  • 대구출장샵キ예약♗대구종아리 마사지(대구안마방 콘돔)♂『대구24시간 마사지』╕대구군산 모텔 추천✖대구범일동 마사지§대구유부녀 마사지✡대구안양1번가 마사지◑대구부산역 안마방

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    창원출장안마
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    대구출장샵♫출장부르는법☀대구종아리 마사지(대구안마방 스킬)┏『대구연산동 마사지』↟대구마사지 tumblr⇅대구남자 출장 마사지⇎대구울산 마사지♮대구감성마사지 뜻╠ 대구찌라시 썰

    The governments of more than 190 nations 강진jav 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    대구출장샵┆24시출장샵☆대구종아리 마사지(대구손가락 마사지)◎『대구콜걸추천』┨대구가슴커지는 마사지✔대구귀 마사지☴대구신림 모텔★대구타이 마사지 단속➨대구뱃살 마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    대구출장샵ロ24시출장샵⇣대구종아리 마사지(대구여의도 마사지)◈『대구상무지구 마사지』▧대구서산시 안마방❁대구해운대 아가씨γ대구fc2 안마방┞대구레즈 안마방✙대구양산 젤리 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 원주출장샵 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    대구출장샵ア24시출장샵キ대구종아리 마사지(대구에스코트 모델)♤『대구오류동 안마방』▣대구김천 마사지╣대구마사지 핸플☁대구지압 나무위키⇀대구출장안마야한곳↾대구다방 티켓 썰

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 양양안마방 경찰 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    대구출장샵┱24시출장샵▥대구종아리 마사지(대구타이 안마방)⊙『대구타이페이 마사지』☶대구출장마사wl♡대구상하이 마사지☃대구파주 마사지╯대구안마방 실사➽대구천안 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 대전출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    대구출장샵대구출장샵추천

  • 대구여주 안마방
  • 대구폼롤러 마사지
  • 대구출장샵
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    대구출장샵↪출장부르는법☺대구종아리 마사지(대구수유리 안마방)╝『대구부산 안마방 후기』⇡대구합성동 안마방▬대구라오스 마사지⊿대구에로틱 마사지»대구전북 안마방♮대구금촌 안마방

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 보성관자놀이 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 수원출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    lovedonggu.xyz
    진해괌 안마방 대전출장안마 신안오목교 안마방
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 광주출장안마 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    대구출장샵↺예약☣대구종아리 마사지(대구냉정 안마방)✔『대구익산 마사지』❤대구안와상융기 마사지▩대구제주시청 마사지▒대구부산 연산동 안마방╓대구일산 여관◣대구안산 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 강릉찌라시 썰 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    대구출장샵☣출장부르는법◇대구종아리 마사지(대구손가락 마사지)┎『대구슈얼 마사지』♬대구안마방 하늘이♕대구검단 안마방”대구옆광대 마사지☃대구상대보호구역✆대구안마방 찾는법

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 온라인카지노 .

    충청북도안마방 단골
    평택출장미인아가씨 카지노사이트 양양마사지 성추행
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    대구출장샵♙출장부르는법◄대구종아리 마사지(대구서울 안마방)☛『대구출장마사지샵』➵대구출장샵 예약금⇛대구50m⇢대구육덕 마사지♛대구안마방 초이스 토렌트↔대구목동역 마사지

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 온라인카지노 .

    대구출장샵➺출장부르는법█대구종아리 마사지(대구안마방 모닝콜)➷『대구눈커지는 마사지』┅대구푸켓 크리스틴 러브 마사지§대구마사지 분수◎대구동작구 안마방✃대구검단사거리 안마방╄대구마사지 노모

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 카지노사이트 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 구미홍콩 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    대구출장샵↺예약금없는출장샵♠대구종아리 마사지(대구석계역 안마방)◐『대구스즈하라 에미리 마사지』├대구오산 마사지✂대구낙성대 마사지⇗대구서울 마사지 홈 서비스カ대구안마방 홈런♐대구태국여행 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    대구출장샵☻24시출장샵☺대구종아리 마사지(대구태국 에스코트 걸)⇗『대구김천 안마방』☁대구호텔 출장┏대구니시미야 코노미 마사지♘대구안마방 존댓말卐대구신사역 안마방♨대구안마방 사정

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 인천홍대 안마방 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 전주출장안마 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 대전출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 나주대구 사우나 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that jub.xyz . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    대구출장샵┋24시출장샵ニ대구종아리 마사지(대구모텔 다방 가격)┚『대구타이 마사지』♮대구광명시 안마방⇠대구출장샵예약▬대구고잔동 마사지0대구일반인 마사지유대구남성전용

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 진주출장샵 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 제주출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 진주출장안마 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    대구출장샵░예약ウ대구종아리 마사지(대구인도 마사지)♝『대구출장』┵대구안마방 텀블┘대구성대 마사지↷대구송강동 마사지┆대구향남 마사지0대구안마방 성병

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    무안여성 전신 마사지
    원주출장안마 성남회음부 마사지 온라인카지노
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    대구출장샵✈예약금없는출장샵↹대구종아리 마사지(대구하드코어 안마방)ナ『대구서울대입구 마사지』☺대구부산 하단 출장➹대구video.fc2.com 마사지ソ대구마사지 수면실ζ대구오사카 마사지↯대구안마방 질내사정

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.대구출장샵대구치앙마이 마사지⊙대구안마방 시스템⇂『대구서산 안마방』대구출장 만남 보증금┆대구천안 조건ο대구말레이시아 마사지▄대구프리마호텔 마사지┤바카라사이트예약금없는출장샵대구림프절 마사지➺대구마산 마사지♟<대구강서 안마방>대구목동 마사지╳대구신촌 안마방♂대구연신내 안마방☂대구괌 마사지 팔러╗대구출장샵동두천카톡 출장 만남대구심장 마사지→대구남순 마사지✪【대구출장샵추천】대구안마방 파워배드♮대구일본 마사지 av❉대구강남구청 안마방▌대구안마방 69┰대구포르치오 마사지╫대구마사지 avロ<대구일본 마사지 tumblr>대구양배추 안마방✉대구안마방 전립선┐대구안마방 몰 카♟대구해운대 출장☇대구아프리카tv 마사지フ대구아산 마사지☁《대구출장업소》대구용현동 마사지↔대구남성전용ⓥ대구안마방 대딸⇥대구안마방 ts☞대구후불제 출장샵↩대구오일 마사지 av◄‹대구안마방 ts›대구안마◈대구고양이 마사지♧대구수안보 마사지◀대구유두 마사지エ예약파주림프선 마사지출장부르는법대구정선 마사지♪대구출장서비스보장↦(대구가락시장 마사지)대구황제 마사지╀대구아로마 마사지 부작용[대구서울출장안마☟대구남친 안마방♡대구출장샵대구출장샵대전출장샵대구안마방 아침대구군포 마사지대구구미 모텔 추천대구마사지 볼대구출장샵대구유재석 안마방◐대구모텔 보도メ{대구안마방 강남}대구콜걸만남┤대구인천공항 마사지━대구안마방 사진➳대구안마방 빡촌√영암마사지 초대남

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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